Redmine on Apache with Passenger(mod_rails) or FastCGI

Installing Redmine 2.3.3, mod_passenger on Gentoo

This document describes how to install Redmine via Apache + Passenger or FastCGI, connected to a Subversion code repository with a PostgreSQL backend. The redmine installation will be visible in a sub-directory at http://host/redmine. The installation would be slightly different for an Redmine sub-domain.


Set RUBY_TARGETS="-ruby18 ruby19 -ruby20".

After chaging USE flags (like RUBY_TARGETS) you should emerge -aN @world.

You will need to adjust the keywords in /etc/portage/package.keywords after trying this command.

emerge -av www-apps/redmine-2.3.2 \
	USE="fastcgi -imagemagick -ldap -openid -passenger {-test}" \
	RUBY_TARGETS="-ruby18 ruby19"

Installing Passenger §

Run this command once to get a list of packges you'll need to unmask.

emerge -av =dev-ruby/daemon_controller-0.2.6 =www-apache/passenger-3.0.7

The packages in this example are specific versions, adjust as necessary for newer packages

dev-ruby/ffi Issues

If there are issues with dev-ruby/ffi the you can try this.

ACCEPTY_KEYWORDS="~amd64" emerge dev-ruby/ffi

That should get you version 1.4.0 which works perfectly, see bug: .

Additional Packages

emerge dev-ruby/nokogiri dev-ruby/rack-openid-1.3.1 dev-ruby/fastercsv dev-ruby/ruby-net-ldap dev-ruby/rmagick dev-ruby/shoulda

Update the Gemfile to point to jquery-rails 2.3.0, gem "ruby-openid", "~> 2.2.3", :require => "openid"

Edit fastercsv Ebuild to allow RUBY_TARGETS="ruby19", then rebuild it: Bug:.

# required by dev-ruby/ruby-net-ldap (argument) =dev-ruby/ruby-net-ldap-0.3.1 ~amd64
~ # emerge -av www-apache/passenger

[ebuild  N     ] dev-libs/libev-4.04  USE="-static-libs" 461 kB
[ebuild  N    ~] dev-ruby/daemon_controller-0.2.6  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="-ree18 ruby18" 22 kB
[ebuild     U ~] www-apache/passenger-3.0.7 [2.2.15] USE="-debug -doc -test%" RUBY_TARGETS="ruby18%*" 2,765 kB

Let that complete, then update /etc/conf.d/apache2 to have -D PASSENGER, similar to the following example.


Adjust the Apache configuration for Passenger in /etc/apache2/modules.d/30_mod_passenger.conf as necessary (defaults may be OK). Then configure your Redmine similar to this example which shows Redmine in a sub-directory.

<Location /redmine>

    Options Indexes -ExecCGI FollowSymLinks MultiViews
    # AllowOverride None
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

    # mod_rails
    # PassengerUser redmine
    RailsEnv live
    RailsBaseURI /redmine

    # environment.rb
    # Redmine::Utils::relative_url_root = "/redmine"


Install FastCGI & Redmine §

Unmask Redmine and a few of it's dependencies, they are not marked stable yet

~ # echo "dev-ruby/coderay ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords
~ # echo "dev-ruby/i18n ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords
~ # echo "dev-ruby/ruby-net-ldap ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords
~ # echo "www-apps/redmine ~amd64" >> /etc/portage/package.keywords

Be sure to set USE flags accordingly, such as USE="fastcgi postgres sqlite3 subversion".

~ # emerge -av www-apache/mod_fastcgi redmine

These are the packages that would be merged, in order:

Calculating dependencies ... done!
[ebuild  N    ] www-apache/mod_fastcgi-2.4.7_pre0910052141  101 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/rubygems-1.3.7-r1  USE="-doc -server" RUBY_TARGETS="-jruby -ree18 ruby18" 285 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/i18n-0.4.2  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="-jruby -ree18 ruby18" 65 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/ruby-net-ldap-0.0.4-r1  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="-jruby -ree18 ruby18" 41 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/coderay-0.9.7  USE="-doc -test" RUBY_TARGETS="-jruby -ree18 ruby18 (-ruby19)" 103 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/activesupport-2.3.5  USE="-doc" 401 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/ruby-postgres-  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="ruby18" 32 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/sqlite-ruby-2.2.3-r2  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="ruby18" 41 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-libs/fcgi-2.4.1_pre0311112127  USE="-html" 460 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/activerecord-2.3.5  USE="-doc -mysql postgres -sqlite sqlite3" 534 kB
[ebuild  N    ] dev-ruby/ruby-fcgi-0.8.8  USE="-test" RUBY_TARGETS="-jruby ruby18" 13 kB
[ebuild  N    ] www-apps/redmine-1.1.1  USE="-cvs -darcs fastcgi git -imagemagick -mercurial -mysql -openid -passenger postgres sqlite3 subversion -test" RUBY_TARGETS="ruby18" 4,720 kB

Would you like to merge these packages? [Yes/No]
~ # gem install pg

Ensure that mod_fastcgi is properly loaded by Apache

Symlink or copy redmine dispatcher to your webroot

~ # cp -a /var/lib/redmine/public /var/www/example.com/webroot/redmine
~ # chmod 0755 /var/www/example.com/webroot/redmine/dispatch.fcgi

Configure Apache Directory/Location Rewrite Rules

~ # cat /etc/apache2/vhosts.d/redmine.conf

    <Location /redmine>

        Options Indexes ExecCGI FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        Order allow,deny
        Allow from all

        # Doesn't Work :(
        SetEnv RAILS_ENV live
        SetEnv RAILS_RELATIVE_URL_ROOT /redmine

        RewriteEngine On
        RewriteBase /redmine
        # RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
        RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
        RewriteRule ^(.*)$ dispatch.fcgi [QSA,L]


Configure Redmine §

Change ownership of necessary directores

~ # cd /var/lib/redmine
~ # chown -R apache:apache files public/public_assets/ tmp/ /var/log/redmine

Create / Update Configuration, edit database.yml, settings.yml as necessary. These files are located in /var/lib/redmine/config, the names used represent an installed base, so multiple redmines can be served from the same code base.

~ # cat database.yml

  adapter: postgresql
  database: my_redmine
  host: sql.domain.tld
  username: redmine
  password: redmine_pw
  encoding: utf8

And we need to update some configuration data for Redmine, use the additional_environment.rb file.

~ # cat additional_environment.rb
config.action_controller.session = { :key => "_my_redmine", :secret => "b8c98c891a2fcd9c268154f05b43c4" }

Use something like this command to generate a reasonable key.

~ # echo 'this is how I generate a key' | sha512sum |cut -b1-30

Create the database

~ # psql

And add the schema and base-data

~ # cd /var/lib/redmine
RAILS_ENV=live rake db:migrate

When using FastCGI, we had to add this option to the end of environment.rb, possibiliy because of the sub-directory installation method.

Redmine::Utils::relative_url_root = "/redmine"

Create Database in Sqlite3

~ # cat database.yml
  adapter: sqlite3
  dbfile: /opt/company/var/redmine.sqlite3

~ # rake db:migrate RAILS_ENV="live"

Create Database in PostgreSQL

~ # cat database.yml
  adapter: pgsql

~ # rake db:migrate RAILS_ENV="live"

Watch Log Files

~ # tail -f /var/log/apache2/*log /var/log/redmine/*log

Login as Admin

Login to the system using the default authentication of admin / admin. Update the password (in My Account) and then create the projects. Then go to the Administration section, load the default work flow and begin defining your environment.

Turn Down Logging Now

There is loads of logging in redmine, turn this down to save disk I/O.

~ # cat additional_environment.rb
# This can be used if you don't have logrotate (should!)
# config.logger = Logger.new(config.log_path, 2, 1000000)

config.logger.level = Logger::INFO

Apache Proxy to Mongrel §

Much the same as above install Redmine and configure it properly. Update the Apache configuration to proxy requests to Mongrel services, make sure that ports and hostnames match up. This one has two services, balanced.

Start the Mongrel Services

~ # ruby /usr/bin/mongrel_rails start \
    -c /var/www/redmine \
    -a localhost -p 10600 -e production \
    -d  --user www-data --group www-data \
    -P /var/run/mongrel/mongrel.10600.pid \
    -l /var/log/mongrel.10600.log

~ # ruby /usr/bin/mongrel_rails start \
    -c /var/www/redmine \
    -a localhost -p 10601 -e production \
    -d  --user www-data --group www-data \
    -P /var/run/mongrel/mongrel.10601.pid \
    -l /var/log/mongrel.10601.log

Now configure Apache to Proxy requests to these two Mongrel services

	ProxyPass / balancer://redmine_cluster/
	ProxyPassReverse / balancer://redmine_cluster/

	<Proxy balancer://redmine_cluster>
		BalancerMember http://localhost:10600
		BalancerMember http://localhost:10601

See Also

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